STELLA staff provided technical support to the World Bank in drafting an urban environmental strategy for the Middle East and North Africa region. STELLA staff reviewed specialised literature (World Bank project documents, national environmental action plans, United Nations Development Programme reports, United Nations Centre for Human Settlements reports, World Health Organisation reports, Mediterranean Environmental Technical Assistance Programme papers, etc.) and analysed trends in urban population growth and poverty. STELLA staff then prepared a regional urban environmental profile highlighting three priority issues: land use and coastal zone management, waste management, and air pollution control. For each priority issue, STELLA staff examined the nature, causes and impacts of environmental degradation, and formulated strategy options for improving the environment. STELLA staff prepared a draft strategy paper with specific recommendations to protect and improve the urban environment in the Middle East and North Africa.