STELLA staff has assisted UNDP and Syria's Ministry of Irrigation in reducing industrial pollution in the upper Orontes River through the implementation of environmental management practices and systems that comply with international standards. STELLA staff designed pilot projects to reduce water consumption by reusing treated effluents and to prevent pollution from an oil refinery, a fertiliser unit, and a sugar company. The pilot projects had the objective of implementing environmental management systems in each plant and preparing the plants for ISO 14000 certification. These projects also developed local capacity to promote, support, and replicate the implementation of environmental management standards in Syria. STELLA staff conducted two training workshops on environmental management systems and ISO 14000 certification.